Armenian Historic Dolls

Let’s take a trip into histrocal  Greater Armenia via traditional  Armenian  dresses;-)

Dr. Gohar Marikyan 

 The Artist Gohar Marikyan has been designing and making doll clothing since age 7. The artist has made extensive research in Armenian history and has studied historic clothing in every imaginable source including museums, history books, old lithographs, paintings, and folklore. She has recreated authentic clothing of historic characters and regional styles based on her research. Her current collection includes classic outfits from two dozens or so Armenian regional styles, some from late 19th and 20th centuries and some going back to ancient Armenian history (as ar back as 9th century BC).

Noblewoman of Yerevan , 18th Century.
Source: Painting of Vardges Sureniants. Armenian Museum of History.

+2 amazing  traditional costumes of historical Armenia

Bride from Shamakh, 19th Century.
Source: Sirik Davidian’s book, «Armenian Needlecraft.»
Shamakh, located in the Eastern region of Historic Armenia, is currently occupied by Azerbaijan.


Nor Jugha (Isfahan), 16-17th Century.

The original town of Jugha was situated in present-day Nakhichevan (currently occupied by Azerbaijan). In the 15-17th centuries it was an important trade center in Armenia. Merchants of Jugha reached major trade cities in Austria, France, Italy, Holland, Russia, Egypt, and Turkey, and port cities in India, Java, Sumatra, Burma, the Philippines and elsewhere.

Enticed by the wealth of these merchants, in October 1604, over the ongoing wars between Persian Safavids and Turkish Ottomans, the retreating army of king of Persia — Shah Abbas I (1587-1629) entered Jugha and forcefully deported the entire population — more than three thousand families. The town was then set on fire and destroyed to its very foundation. People were forcefully marched south across the river Arax into Persia. Many perished on the way. The survivors reached the center of the country.

Near Spahan, south of the Zandarout River, part of the territory was given the Jughaites as a royal grant; another part, according to the terms set up, the Armenians had to buy themselves. The Jughaites drew up a main layout for the construction of the new town. Within a few years, the building, creating and trade-loving Jughaites helped to sprout up this new settlement and continued the age-old culture and art, the life and demeanor of Hin Jugha and the traditions which had been taught them for ages.

Instead of historical Jugha, now Armenian chronologists began to mention Nor Jugha in their works, while the old town, its memories and wounds has gone down into history, remaining only in the minds and hearts of the people, like the copper-colored slopes of the surrounding mountains.

Here in the new town some thirty prominent families of Hin Jugha such as the Lazarians, Safrazians, Shahrimanians, Eminians, Khaltarians, Velidjanians, Sahratians and others, through their successors and later generations and the  
immediate leadership of Jughaites commemorated the memorials of their birthplace Jugha and founded the Amenaprkich majestic monastery and seventeen other churches, opened schools, erected many palatial mansions, created thousands of fine khachkars, and many, many other monuments. Based on the traditional development of the old schools of painting in Hin Jugha, Nakhidjevan, Agoulis and Shorot such talented painters as Minas, Hovhannes Merkouz, Bogdan Saltanov and others settled here and achieved fame, whose spheres of creative efforts reached the Moscow palaces and workshops. In 1647 Hovhannes vardapet founded a printing press there, where numerous books were published. They established in Nor Jugha and in other important communities, especially Madras and Calcutta, printing houses where they put out numerous books and finally, in 1794, the first Armenian periodical «Azdarar» was published in Madras.

In the XVII — XVIII centuries the Jughaites controlled the external trade of Persia and like their forefathers, had extensive trade tied with a number of European countries. During that same period, they had even closer relations with Russia.

The current Armenian community of Nor Jugha is composed of their descendents who, over four centuries have painstakingly kept their culture, language and religion.

The Holy Trinity (1619)
from Nor Jugha by
Hakob of Jugha.

Church of Saint Stephen
the protomartyr.
17-18th Centuries. Nor Jugha.


  Church of  Church of Saint Stephen
the protomartyr.
17-18th Centuries. Nor Jugha.
Church of Saint Stephen
the protomartyr.
17-18th Centuries. Nor Jugha.

Saint Stephen
the protomartyr.
17-18th Centuries. Nor Jugha.

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